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How to Care For California Grown Walnut Trees Not only do walnut trees give us a nutritious and delicious nut, but they are also known for producing high quality wood. They are beautiful trees that provide a lot of shade thanks to their large, arching branches. How Walnut Trees Are Grown Most walnut trees in the United States grow up to a height of 50 feet and are of similar width. Nuts and shade are the most common reasons for growing walnut trees, with English and Persian black varieties the most popular in the U.S. A fully mature tree is capable of producing between 50 and 80 pounds of walnuts yearly. Prized for producing large nuts, the Persian walnut is the most common California grown walnut tree. Among the categories of Persian walnuts grown in California include Chandler, Ashley, Pedro, Serr Vina, Sunland, Hartley and Tehama. In late spring, all of these cultivars leaf out, avoiding the walnut blight. Mediterranean climates, which Persian walnuts are adapted to, have mild winters and this type requires similar conditions. Early ripening varieties of walnuts need 140 to 150 days annually with temperatures of -2 and -6 C (27 and 29 F).
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Planting of Walnut Trees
Learning The “Secrets” of Options
After you select the type of walnut you want, you need to plant the tree. You need to till an area of approximately 12 square feet to a depth of at least 10 inches to get rid of grass and weeds which would compete with your trees for nutrients and water. Next, you need to dig a hole which is 1 to 2 inches wider than the root ball of the walnut seedling. Put your walnut seedling in the hole you dug up to a similar depth to the pot or bury its roots between 1 and 2 inches beneath the ground. After you fill in the hole, you should tamp down to ensure that there are no air pockets left around the seedling’s roots. Water your seedling until the ground is moist, avoiding soaking. Care of Walnut Trees Because of their extensive root system, walnut trees do not need constant watering unless the soil’s top 2 inches are dried out. As the tree matures, it is only necessary to prune damaged or dead limbs. Each spring, add mulch as required. Harvest of Walnuts Patience is vital when growing walnuts. This is because the walnut trees will not produce any nuts until they are roughly 10 years and production peaks at about 30 years of age. How will you know when to begin harvesting your nuts? Harvesting of Persian walnuts is carried out when the seed coat turns light tan. Depending on how large the tree is, a commercial producer could use a limb shaker that has a window to collect the falling nuts. However, a home grower can simply shake the tree branches and collect fallen nuts.